Alliteration, Assonance and Consonance


Poems usually make the most of many gadgets to be efficient and profitable. Three associated phrases referring to sound in poetry are alliteration, assonance, and consonance. These three phrases are sometimes confused for each other, or utilized in place of each other. Although they’re associated, they’re fairly completely different.

Let us take a look at them individually:


Alliteration is the repetition of consonants inside phrases in shut proximity. Alliteration usually refers to sounds on the begin of a phrase. Listed here are two literary examples:

Beowulf was written in Outdated English and incorporates many strains of alliteration:

feasceaft funden; he þæs frofre gebad,

weox beneath wolcnum, weorþ-myndum þah

Within the first line, the letter “f” is utilized in repetition, and the identical with “w” within the second line.

In Gerard Manley Hopkins’s “Pied Magnificence”:

Glory be to God for dappled issues…

Landscapes plotted and pieced–fold, fallow and plough;

And áll trádes, their gear and deal with and trim.

The letter “g” is utilized in repetition within the first line, “p” and “f” within the second line, and “t” within the third line.

In yet one more instance, Shakespeare parodies alliteration in Peter Quince’s Prologue in A Midsummer Night time’s Dream:

Whereat, with blade, with bloody blameful blade,

He bravely breach’d his boiling bloody breast.


Assonance is the repetition of vowel-sounds inside non-rhyming phrases.

In Poe’s, “Bells” he makes use of assonance of the vowel “e:”

Hear the mellow wedding ceremony bells.

Assonance of the vowel “u” utilized by Robert Louis Stevenson:

The crumbling thunder of seas


Consonance is the repetition of consonant sounds inside phrases. Consonance is similar to alliteration, however the distinction between the 2 lies within the placement of the sounds. If the repeated sound is in the beginning of the phrases, it’s alliteration. Whether it is anyplace else, it’s consonance. Normally, consonance refers back to the finish sound (like “nk” in blank and think

Consonance in “The Silken Tent” by Robert Frost:

“as in guys she gently sways comfy”

Evaluating Alliteration, Assonance and Consonance:

There may be an instance of all three of those phrases in a single line of the poem, “The Raven,” written by Edgar Allan Poe:

And the silken unhappy unsure rustling of every purple curtain

This line clearly incorporates all three, and may present the distinction between assonance, consonance and alliteration.

Assonance is the repetition of the ur sound in “purple” and “curtain.”

Consonance is the repetition of the s sound inside “unsure” and “rustling.”

Alliteration is the repetition of the s sound in the beginning of “silked” and “unhappy.”

These phrases are very intently associated, although the excellence between them is available in figuring out vowels versus consonants, after which placement throughout the phrases.